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水电安装工程中造价超预算探究

LAIYUAN:SHUIDIANGONGCHENGLUNWEN

ZHAIYAO:SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGYINWEIYUSUANRENYUANDUIZHUANYENENGLI,DUIZAOJIAGUANLIZHONGSHICHENGDUBUZU,DAOZHIXIANGMUPINFANCHUXIANCHAOYUSUANDEWENTI,XUERUOSHIGONGDANWEIDEJINGJIXIAOYI,BENWENWEILEJIEJUECIXIANGWENTI,XIANTICHUSHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGJINXINGZAOJIAGUANLIDEBIYAOXING,FENXIGONGCHENGCHUXIANCHAOYUSUANDEYUANYIN,BINGTICHUDONGTAIFENXISHICHANGHUANJINGXINXI、QIANGHUAYUSUANRENYUANZHUANYENENGLI、TISHENGSHEJIZAOJIAKONGZHISHUIPING、JIANLIJIANQUANZAOJIAGUANLIJIZHI、HELIBIANXIEGONGCHENGYUSUANFANGANDEJIEJUECUOSHI。

GUANJIANCI:SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENG;ZAOJIAGUANLI;CHAOYUSUAN;WENTI;JIEJUEFANGFA

MUQIAN,CHENGSHIGONGCHENGXIANGMURIYIZENGDUO,JIANZHUQIYEYINGLAILEFAZHANDEHAOSHIJI,JIANZHUQIYEWEILEJINYIBUTISHENGQIZAISHICHANGZHONGDEJINGZHENGLI,JIJIDEXUEXIXIANDAIGUANLILINIAN,CHUANGXINSHIGONGZUOYEMOSHI,YOUHUASHIGONGZUOYEJISHU,TONGSHIDABUFENJIANZHUQIYEZAICIBEIJINGXIAZHUJIANYISHIDAOGONGCHENGZAOJIAGUANLIDUIGONGCHENGMUBIAOSHIXIAN、JINGJIXIAOYITISHENGXINGCHENGDEYINGXIANG,SUOYIZAIKUODAZISHENGUIMODETONGSHIFENFENJINXINGZAOJIAGUANLIYOUHUA、SHENGJIDEGONGZUO,DANSHIRENGYOUHENDUOQIYEYINWEIZAOJIAGUANLIFANGSHIBUKEXUE,ZHISHICHAOYUSUANDEQINGKUANGPINFANCHUXIAN,DUIJIANZHUQIYEJINGJIFAZHANZAOCHENGJIDADECHONGJI,QIYEWEISHIXIANKECHIXUFAZHAN,BIXUJIAQIANGDUICIFANGMIANWENTIDEGUANZHU,JIJIDECAIQUFANGKONGCUOSHI,WANCHENGSHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZAOJIAYUSUANKONGZHIZUOYE。

1、水电安装工程进行造价管理的必要性

ZAOJIAGUANLISHIGONGCHENGJIANSHEXIANGMUNENGFOUWEISHIGONGDANWEIDAILAIXIAOYIDEBAOZHANGSHOUDUAN,JIEZHUZAOJIAGUANLIHAIKEYITISHENGJIANSHEZIJINYINGYONGDEHELIXING。LINGWAI,SUIRANMUQIANSHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGJIANSHEZIJINLAIYUANTUJINGZHONGDUO,DANSHIZAIJIANSHEZIJINZHONGYIDIFANGZHENGFUBOKUAN、ZHONGYANGXIABO、YINXINGDAIKUANSUOZHANBIZHONGZUIDA,ZAOJIAGUANLIZUOWEIGONGCHENGJIANSHEZIJINCHOUBEIDEGUANJIANSHOUDUAN,JIANSHEZIJINNENGFOUHUODEYUQISHEXIANGXIAOGUO,YUQIYINGYONGFANGSHISHIFOUHELIZHIJIEXIANGGUAN。CHUCIZHIWAI,ZAISHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZHONG,GONGCHENGBIAODIHUANJIEZAOJIAGUANLIYEJUYOUJUZUQINGZHONGDEZUOYONG,ZUOHAOGONGCHENGBIAODIGUANKONGGONGZUO,FANGZHIJINGBIAOQIJIANCHUXIANEYIJINGZHENGDEQINGKUANG,BIRUBUHEFAYAJIA、MANGMUYAOJIADENGQINGKUANGDECHUXIAN,KEYIZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGBAOZHANGCANYUGONGCHENGXIANGMUDEGEDANWEILIYIBUHUIZAOSHOUSUNSHI。

2、水电安装工程造价超预算的原因

2.1SHOUDAOSHICHANGHUANJINGYINSUYINGXIANG。GONGCHENGXIANGMUSHIGONGZHOUQIZHANG,XIANGMUSUOYONGDECAILIAOKENENGSHOUDAOSHICHANGHUANJINGYINSUDEYINGXIANG,DAOZHICAILIAOGOUMAICHENGBENCHAOCHUYUSUAN,SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZUOYEKUADUJIAODA,YINWEIJIANCAISHICHANGCHUYUDONGTAIFAZHANDEGUOCHENG,ZAIBUTONGSHIDUANYUANCAILIAODECHENGBENJIAGE,SHIGONGSHEBEIZULINJIAGEJUNHUICHUXIANYIDINGCHENGDUDEBODONG,DANSHISHEJIRENYUANZAIGONGCHENGFANGANSHEJIJIEDUAN,YINWEIDUISHICHANGHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGYINSUFENXIBUZU,NANYIFANGZHIWAIJIEYINSUDUIXIANGMUZAOJIAXINGCHENGDEYINGXIANG,CONGERRONGYIZAIGONGCHENGHOUQICHUXIANZAOJIACHAOYUSUANDEQINGKUANG。

2.2GONGZUORENYUANZHUANYENENGLIBUZU。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZAOJIAGUANLIGONGZUOQIANCHEDENEIRONGZHONGDUO,DUIYUSUANRENYUANZHUANYENENGLIYIJIZHIYESUYANGJUNYOUJIAOGAODEYAOQIU,DANSHIDANGXIAYINWEISHIGONGDANWEIFUZEZAOJIAGONGZUODEZHIYUANYEWUNENGLIBUZU,DUIGONGCHENGYUSUANFANGMIANDEZHUANYEZHISHIZHANGWOBUZU,WUFAGUJIDAOYINGXIANGXIANGMUZAOJIADEXIANGGUANYINSU,SUOYIYUSUANBIANZHIDESHEJIZHUNQUEDUDIXIA。LINGWAI,HENDUOYUSUANRENYUANBIANXIEYUSUANFANGANSHI,RONGYIZAIQIZHONGJIARUZIJIDEKANFA,ZHISHIYUSUANFANGANSHOUDAOZAOJIAGONGZUORENYUANZHUGUANYINSUDEYINGXIANG,SHIDEYUSUANBIANZHIYINGYONGJIAZHIBIANDI,TONGSHIDUIGONGCHENGXIANGMUZAOJIAGUANKONGYEYICHANGBULI。

2.3SHIDIKANCHAXINXISHOUJIQUESHI。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGXUYAOZAIQIANQIWANCHENGXUANZHI,BINGDUIXUANZEDEDIDIANJINXINGQUANFANGMIAN、ZHOUMIDEDIAOYAN。SHIDIKANCHAJIEDUANSHOUJIDESHUJUSHIFOUZHUNQUE、QUANMIAN,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOFANGANSHEJISHIFOUJUBEIKESHISHIXINGYIJISHIGONGZUOYEBIAOXIAN,DANSHIMUQIANYOUYUKANCHARENYUANMEIYOUZAISHIGONGQIANQIZUOHAOSHIDIGONGCHENGXINXIDESHOUJI、ZHENGLIGONGZUO,CONGERYINWEIDUIQIHOU、DIZHISHUIWENXIANGGUANDEXINXIZHANGWOBUZU,DAOZHIXIANSHIYUSHEJICUNZAIJIAODADECHAJU,ZAISHIGONGJIEDUANSHEJIBIANGENGCHUXIANPINFAN,GUODUXIAOHAOLEQIYEDEZIYUAN,CHUXIANXIANGMUCHAOYUSUANWENTI。

2.4GONGCHENGCHENGBENKONGZHIYISHIBORUO。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGSHEJIJIEDUANSHIZAOJIAGONGZUODEZHONGDIANSUOZAI,TONGSHIYINWEIGONGCHENGXIANGMUTILIANGPANGDAZHIJIETISHENGYUSUANGUANLINANDU,DANSHIZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAYUSUANRENYUANBINGMEIYOUCONGCHENGBENKONGZHISHIJIAOXIA,ZUOHAOFANGANSHEJIBAKONG,FAXIANYINGXIANGXIANGMUCHENGBENZAOJIAKONGZHIDEYINSU,CONGERKENENGYINWEIFANGANSHEJIYUSHIJICUNZAIJIAODACHAJU,ZHISHIGONGCHENGXIANGMUCUNZAICHENGBENCHAOBIAODEFENGXIAN。CHUXIANZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGZHUYAOZAIYUYUSUANRENYUANXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANKONGYISHIBORUO,MEIYOUZAISHEJIJIEDUANZUOHAOFANGANCHENGBENFENXI,YIDANZAIHOUQIYINWEIFANGANNEIRONGBUHELI,DAOZHIGONGCHENGXIANGMUCHUXIANZHILIANGWENTI,JIANGHUIZENGJIASHIGONGDANWEIZIJINTOURULIANG。LINGWAI,SHEJIRENYUANDUIXINJISHU、XINCAILIAODEMANGMUZHUIQIUDAOZHIHOUQIGONGCHENGYUSUANCHAOBIAO,ZHEIXIEWENTIRUGUOBUJISHIJIEJUE,JIANGHUIYANZHONGXUERUOXIANGMUCANYUDANWEIDEJINGJIXIAOYI。

2.5YUSUANBIANZHIKESHISHIXINGPIANDI。JINXINGGONGCHENGZAOJIAYUSUANBIANZHIQIJIAN,GONGZUORENYUANXUYAOZHANGWOYINGXIANGYUSUANBIANZHIDESUOYOUYINSU,JIEHEGONGCHENGJIANSHEYAOQIUYIJIZAOJIAGUANLIYUANZEJINXINGSHENRUFENXI,BINGZAICIJICHUSHANGBIANZHIZAOJIAYUSUANFANGAN,DANSHIYOUYUZAOJIAYUSUANBIANZHIXUYAOKAOLVDEYINSUGUODUO,TONGSHIGONGCHENGGUOYUFANSUO,GONGZUORENYUANRONGYIZAIYUSUANBIANZHIHUANJIEZHONGLOUSUANGEBIEZHICHUXIANGMU,YINGXIANGDAOGONGCHENGZAOJIAZHENGTIDEHEGUIXINGYIJIZHUNQUEXING。

3、水电安装工程中解决造价超预算的策略

3.1DONGTAIFENXISHICHANGHUANJINGXINXI。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGJINXINGZAOJIAGUANLIQIJIAN,XUYAOYISHIDAOSHICHANGHUANJINGYINSUDUIGONGCHENGXINGCHENGDEYINGXIANG,ZHANGWODAOZHIGONGCHENGXIANGMUCHUXIANCHAOYUSUANDEYINSU,XUYAOZAIGONGCHENGLIXIANGHOUDUISHICHANGJINXINGDIAOYAN,ZHANGWOCAILIAOYUSHEBEIJIAGEBIANHUADEGUILV,JINXINGKEXUEDETONGJI、YUCE,GONGCHENGFANGANYUSUANBIANZHIXUYAOKAOLVDAOSHICHANGFASHENGDEDANXINGBIANHUA,GENJUCAILIAOYUSHEBEIBIANHUADEGUILV,WANCHENGGONGCHENGYUSUANBIANZHI,CONGERKEYITISHENGYUSUANBIANZHINEIRONGDEZHUNQUEXINGYUHELIXING,XIANGMUTILIANGPANGDA,GONGCHENGZUOYEZHOUQIZHANG,YINCICAILIAOJIAGEYUSHEBEIZULINJIAGECHUXIANBIANHUASHIFEICHANGZHENGCHANGDESHIQING,ZAOJIAXIANGGUANDEGONGZUORENYUANYINGGAIZAIYUSUANBIANZHIQIAN,SHOUJIYUSUANHESUANXUYAOZHANGWODESHUJU,HELIDEBIANZHIFANGANNEIRONG,JINKENENGJIANGDIHUANJINGYINSUDUIGONGCHENGCHENGBENGUANLIZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANG,GUIBICHAOYUSUANWENTI。

3.2QIANGHUAYUSUANRENYUANZHUANYENENGLI。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGSHIGONGJINDUNENGFOUANZHAOJIHUATUIJIN,YUYUSUANRENYUANDEGONGZUONENGLIYUZHIYESUYANGXIXIXIANGGUAN,WEITISHENGGONGCHENGZAOJIAGUANLISHUIPING,TISHENGYUSUANBIANZHIDEKEKAOXINGYUZHUNQUEXING,FANGZHIZAOJIACHAOYUSUANDEQINGKUANGCHUXIAN,YINGGAIQIANGHUAYUSUANRENYUANDEZHUANYENENGLI,XUYAOJIJIDEKAIZHANZHIYEJINENGPEIXUNHUODONG,ZAIPEIXUNHUODONGZHONGCHUANSHOUGONGCHENGZAOJIAFANGMIANDEZHUANYEZHISHI。LINGWAI,DUIYUSUANRENYUANJINXINGJIEDUANKAOHE,YIFANGMIANKEYIDUCUGONGZUORENYUANXUEXI,YIFANGMIANYEKEYIJIANCHAPEIXUNHUODONGDEXIAOGUO,JIANGKAOHEJIEGUOZUOWEIYUSUANRENYUANGONGZIJIXIAODEZHONGYAOCANKAODIAN,YICIJILIGONGZUORENYUANJIJIXUEXIYUSUANFANGMIANDEZHISHI,QIANGHUAYUSUANRENYUANDEZHUANYENENGLI,KEYIZAIYUSUANBIANZHIQIJIANSHOUJIGONGZUOSUOXUDEXINXI,KEXUEDEWANCHENGYUSUANBIANZHIGONGZUO,YOUXIAODEKONGZHIGONGCHENGCHAOYUSUANWENTI。

3.3TISHENGSHEJIZAOJIAKONGZHISHUIPING。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZHONGXUYAOZUOHAOSHEJIHUANJIEZAOJIAGUANLIGONGZUO,KAOLVDAOXIANGMUZHILIANGYUSHEJIJIANCUNZAIDEYINXINGLIANXI,WEIBAOZHANGXIANGMUBUHUICHUXIANCAIWUKUISUNWENTI,YINGGAIJIAQIANGDUISHEJIHUANJIEZAOJIAGUANLIDEGUANZHUCHENGDU。SHEJIFANGANYUZHAOBIAOFANGANJINGXUANQIJIAN,FENXI、BIDUICANYUJINGBIAOQIYEDEFANGAN,SHIYONGMEITI、BAOKAN、GONGZHONGHAOHUOSHIQITAMEIJIEJINXINGXUANCHUANGONGZUO,XIYINSHEJIDANWEICANYUJINGXUANHUODONG,ZUZHIZISHENZHUANJIACANYUSHEJIFANGANDEPINGXUANHUODONG,TONGGUODUOFANGMIANBIDUITUIXUANFANGANSHEJIZUIHAODESHEJIDANWEI,YUZHIHEZUOBINGSHANGYIHOUXUHEZUOXIJIE。SHEJIFANGANZHILIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOGONGCHENGXIANGMUYUNXINGQINGKUANG,YIWANGDUIFANGANDEKAOLIANGGUOYUDANYI,KENENGHUIDAOZHIFANGANZHIXINGQIJIANCHUXIANGEZHONGWENTI,BIRUCHENGBENCHAOBIAODENGQINGKUANG,WEILETISHENGFANGANDEKESHISHIXING,XUYAOANZHAOJIANSHEMUBIAOJIEZHUJIAZHIGONGCHENGTIXIYOUHUAFANGANNEIRONG,CONGJISHU、CHENGBENDENGDUOGEWEIDUWANSHANSHIGONGFANGAN,ZAIKONGZHIGONGCHENGZONGCHENGBENDEQIANTIXIA,JINKENENGKUOCHONGGONGCHENGHANGAIDEGONGNENGXUANXIANG。

3.4JIANLIJIANQUANZAOJIAGUANLIJIZHI、HELIBIANXIEGONGCHENGYUSUANFANGAN。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZAIYIWANGGONGZUOZHONGMEIYOUHUODELIANGHAODEZUOYEXIAOGUO,YUGONGZUORENYUANDUIQIZHONGSHICHENGDUBUZUYIJISHIGONGDANWEIQUEFAJIANQUANDEZAOJIAGUANLIJIZHIYOUGUAN。GONGZUORENYUANBINGMEIYOUYISHIDAOZAOJIAGUANLIDEZHONGYAOXING,TONGSHIZAOJIAGUANLIJIZHIBINGBUWANSHAN,SUOYIGONGZUORENYUANCHULIZAOJIAFANGMIANDEGONGZUOGUOYUKUANSONG,ZHISHIXIANGMURONGYIYINWEIRENWEIYINSUDEGANYUCHUXIANZAOJIAYUSUANCHAOBIAODEQINGKUANG。WEILEJINYIBUQIANGHUAGONGCHENGZAOJIAGUANLISHUIPING,XUYAODUIGONGCHENGRENYUANJINXINGZAOJIAXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIAOYUXUANDAO,HAIYINGGAIGENJUJIANSHEZIJINGUANKONGXUYAO,JIANLIJIANQUANDEZAOJIAGUANLIJIZHI,RANGGONGZUORENYUANANZHAOLIUCHENGWANCHENGGEXIANGGONGZUO,CONGERGUIBIRENWEIYINSUWEIGONGCHENGYUNXINGDAILAIDEWENTI,FANGZHIXIANGMUYUNXINGQIJIANCHUXIANFARENTOUJIDEXINGWEI。ZAIZAOJIAGUANLIJIZHIZUOYONGXIA,KEYIANZHAOGONGZUOLIUCHENGWANCHENGFANGANXUANQU、CAILIAOXUANZEDENGFANGMIANDEGONGZUO,FANGZHIXIANGGUANHUANJIECHUXIANWENTI,ZENGJIASHIGONGCHENGBENTOURULIANG,BINGDINGQIKAIZHANJIAOYUHUODONG,YICIPEIYANGZAOJIAGUANLIRENYUANXINGCHENGZERENYISHI,GUIFANZISHENDEXINGWEI,YANGEANZHAOXIANGMUGUANKONGYAOQIUJINXINGDUOFANGSHENHE,QIANGHUAZAOJIACHENGBENGUANKONGNENGLI,TISHENGSHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZAOJIAGUANLIDEYOUXIAOXING、HELIXING。

3.5HELIBIANXIEGONGCHENGYUSUANFANGAN。SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGXIANGMUZAOJIAGUANLIZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOXIANGMUCANYUDANWEIDESHOUYI,YUSUANBIANZHIZUOWEIZAOJIAGUANLIDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,XIANGGUANGONGZUORENYUANBIXUJIAQIANGDUIQIDEZHONGSHICHENGDU,ZHENDUIYIWANGGAIYUSUANBIANZHICUNZAIDEWENTI,XUYAOZHANGWOZHISHISHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGYUSUANCHAOBIAODEYOUYIN,JIEHEXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANKONGYAOQIU,SHOUJISHICHANGCAILIAODENGXINXI,ZHANGWOGONGCHENGJIANSHEYAOQIU,DUISHIYONGXIANCHANGJINXINGSHIDIKAOCHA,JIEHEZHANGWODEYINSUJINXINGSHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGYUSUANBIANZHI,JIECITISHENGGAIYUSUANBIANJIDEHELIXING。LINGWAI,YUSUANRENYUANXUYAOYISHIDAOGONGCHENGXIANGMUZAOJIAGUANLIDETEZHENG,XUYAOYINGYONGDONGTAIGUANCHASHIJIAO,JIEHESHICHANGHUANJINGYUSHIGONGYAOQIUHEQITAXINXI,XIUGAIGAIYUSUANBIANZHI,YICITISHENGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANKONGDEHELIXING,WEISHIGONGDANWEIDAILAIFENGHOUDEJINGJISHOUYI。

4、结语

SHUIDIANANZHUANGGONGCHENGZUOWEIJIANZHUXIANGMUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEGOUCHENGBUFEN,WEIBAOZHANGXIANGMUSHIXIANLIYIZUIDAHUA,XUYAOJIAQIANGDUIZAOJIAGUANLIDEZHONGSHICHENGDU,ZHANGWOGONGCHENGCHUXIANCHAOYUSUANDEYINSU,BINGZUOHAOYUFANGGONGZUO,TONGGUODONGTAIFENXISHICHANGHUANJINGXINXI、QIANGHUAYUSUANRENYUANZHUANYENENGLI、TISHENGSHEJIZAOJIAKONGZHISHUIPING、JIANLIJIANQUANZAOJIAGUANLIJIZHI、HELIBIANXIEGONGCHENGYUSUANFANGAN,FANGZHIGONGCHENGCHUXIANCHAOYUSUANWENTI。

ZUOZHE:TIANYANZHENG DANWEI:BEIJINGZHONGHAIWENSHEBEIANZHUANGYOUXIANHANXUCAO

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