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隧洞工程施工技术总结

ZAISUIDONGGONGCHENGSHIGONGSHIGENJUWEIYANLEIBIE、SHEJIDUANMIANDEDAXIAODENGYINSUQUEDINGSHIGONGFANGAN。DUIYUDUANMIANXIAO、WEIYANJIAOHAODESUIDONG,TONGCHANGXUANYONGQUANDUANMIANKAIWA;DUIYUZHONGXIAODUANMIAN、WEIYANCHADESUIDONGCAIYONGDUANTAIJIEFAKAIWA;DUIYUDUANMIANDA、WEIYANJIAOHAODESUIDONGKEJINXINGZHANGTAIJIE、FENCENGKAIWA。ZAISUIDONGZHIHUSHI,GENJUWEIYANLEIBIEDEBUTONGCAIYONGSUPENHUNNINGTU、GUAWANGMAOPEN、CHAOQIANMAOGU、GUANPENG、GANGZHICHENGDENGCUOSHIJINXINGANQUANZHIHU。

1DIZHIWEIYANJIEGOU、ZIWENNENGLIYUTAFANGBUWEIZHIJIANDEGUANXI

WEIYANYANXINGZOUXIANG、QINGXIANG、QINGJIAOWEIZUCHENGYANSHICHANZHUANGDE“SANYAOSU”。ZHUYAOSHIDONGZHOUXIANYUYANCENGZOUXIANGDEGUANXI,JUEDINGLESUIDONGTAFANGDEBUWEI。WEIYANLEIBIEBUTONG,ZIWENNENGLIYEBUTONG,CHAOGUOYANTIHEZAIZIWENNENGLISHIJIUCHUXIANTAFANG,SUOYIXUANZEHESHIYOUXIAODESHIGONGFANGANSHIQUEBAOGONGCHENGANQUANHEJINGJIXIAOYIDEGUANJIAN。

(1)DANGYANCENGWEISHUIPING、YANSHIⅢLEISHI,SHUIPINGYANCENGDEZIWENNENGLIZAIQITIANZHIYIGEYUEZHIJIAN,ANQUANRUODIANZAILIANGGONGJIAN,RONGYIYINQITAFANG。ZAIZIWENQIXIANNEIDUIANQUANRUODIANJINXINGMAOHUZHIHU。RUOHUSHILEDUIBORUOHUANJIEMAOHUCHULI,YIDANCHAOGUOWEIYANZIWENQIXIAN,LIANGGONGJIANJIUKAISHITAFANG,HUGONGBIANCHENGPINGMIAN,JINYIBUYINFADONGDINGDEDAMIANJITAFANGHEMAODING。TEBIESHIDONGJINGJIAODADESUIDONG,CHULINANDUDA,DUIGONGCHENGFEIYONGGONGQIDOUBULI。

(2)DANGYANCENGWEIZHILI、YANSHIⅢLEISHI,WEIYANJIAZHIZUOYONGZUIXIAO,ERZIWENNENGLIZUIQIANG,YOULIYUDONGWABAOPOJIANQUANZUOYE。DANGYANCENGZOUXIANGYUDONGZHOUXIANYIZHISHI,YANTIZIWENNENGLIBIANRUO,DUIDONGWABAOPOJIANQUANZUOYEBULI。ZHEILEIWEIYANDETAFANGGUILVSHI,XIANCONGDONGYAOLIANGBIANYANDONGZHONGXIANFANGXIANGBOLUO,JINERDONGDINGBUFENKUADUBIANDA,SUIZHEDONGDINGDEYALIZENGDA,JIASUZIWENNENGLIDEJIANXIAO,JIUHUICHUXIANTAFANGHEMAODING。GENJUZHEIYITEXING,ZAIYOUXIAOSHIJIANDUITAFANGBUWEIJINXINGMAOGUCHULI,CONGERYOUXIAOYUFANGLEDONGDINGDETAFANGHEMAODING。

(3)DANGⅢLEIYANCENGXIANGYOUQINGDAO60°~80°ZUOYOUSHI,DONGYAOZUOCEXIANGDONGZHONGXIANFANGXIANGJICHU,YANCENGZHEDUAN,SHIYOUGONGJIANSHUNYANCENGHUATA。ZHEILEIYANCENGZOUXIANGDESUIDONGMAOHUZHONGDIANSHIDONGYAOZUOCEHEYOUGONGJIAN。XIANGFAN,XIANGZUOQINGDAO60°~80°ZUOYOUSHI,MAOHUZHONGDIANSHIDONGYAOYOUCEHEZUOGONGJIAN。

2、GELEIWEIYANZIWENQIXIANYUANQUANZHIHU

SUIDONGKAIWAHOU,BAOLUDEYANTILEIBIEJUEDINGZIWENNENGLIDEQIANGRUOHEWENDINGSHIJIAN。SHUILIGONGCHENGSHANGWEIYANLEIBIEFENWULEI,JI:    (1)ZAIⅠLEIWEIYANWANZHENG、JIANYING,JINGGUOGUANGBAODONGWASHIGONGHOU,YANTIZIWENZAIYINIANYISHANG。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,BUXUYAOANQUANZHIHU。

(2)ⅡLEIWEIYANSHAOCHA,ZIWENSHIJIANZAIBANNIANZUOYOU,ZAIJINXINGZHIHUSHIYIBANXUANYONGMAOGANJIAGU,ZHIHUCANSHUCHANGWEI:φ22~φ25GANGJIN,ZHANGDU3.0 mZUOYOU,KONGJU1.0 m~1.5 mZUOYOU,PAIJU2.0 mZHIJIAN,MEIHUAXINGBUZHI。

(3)ⅢLEIWEIYANZIWENSHIJIANZAIQITIANZHIYIGEYUENEI。ZHIHUSHICHUANⅡLEIWEIYANMAOGANJIAGUWAI,ZAIYANSHIBIJIAOWANZHENGDEBUWEISUPENHUNNINGTU,YIBANZAIGONGDINGBUFEN;DUIYANSHIPOSUIHUOSHENSHUIDONGDUANYAOMAOPENGUAWANGCHULI,ZHIHUCANSHUCHANGWEI:φ8WANGGE15 cm×15 cm,YUMAOGANWAILUBUFENHANJIE,ZAIPENHUNNINGTU。

(4)ⅣLEIWEIYANBIJIAORUANRUO,YANTIZIWENSHIJIANZAIJIGEXIAOSHIZHIYITIANYINEI。ZHIHUSHICHUANⅢLEIWEIYANMAOPENGUAWANGWAI,DUIYANSHIPOSUIHUOSHENSHUIDONGDUANJINXINGGANGZHICHENGZHIHU。ZHIHUCANSHUCHANGWEI:φ8GANGJINWANG10cm×10cm;GANGZHICHENG(16mm~20mmGONGZIGANG)JIANJU0.8 m~1.0 m;GANGZHICHENGZHIJIANLIANJIEJIN(φ22~φ25)JIANJU1.0 m;PENHUNNINGTUHOUDU20 cm。    (5)ⅤLEIWEIYANSHIZUIRUANRUO,YIFENGHUADEYANTI,ZIWENSHIJIANZUIDUAN,ZIWENSHIJIANZAI1XIAOSHIYINEI。RUOCUNZAIQINGDAO、POSUI、YOUDIXIASHUIDEWAIJIEYINSU,ZIWENJICHA。YI“DUANJINCHI、QIANGFENGBI”DEYUANZESHIGONG,ZAIKAIWAQIANXIANJINXINGCHAOQIANMAOGANMAOGUCHULI,CAIQUXIAOPAOSONGDONGKAIWAJISHU,GONGJIANYISHANGBUWEIDUOYONGRENGONGCHULI,XUNHUANJINCHI80 cm~100 cm。ZHIHUSHICHUANⅣLEIWEIYANWAI,YAOJIAQIANGZHIHUCANSHU,DIAOZHENGGANGZHICHENGJIANJU0.6 m~0.8 m,CHAOQIANMAOGANXUANYONGφ22~φ25GANGJIN,ZHANGDU3.0mZUOYOU,KONGJU0.4 m,HUANJU2.0 m。ZAIQINGDAO、POSUI、YOUDIXIASHUIDENGWAIJIEYINSUDEⅤLEIYANTIDUANZHIHUSHI,YAOZHUYIPAISHUIXIEYACHULI,YUYANMIANZHIJIANYAOHUITIANMISHI。

3 SUIDONGTAFANGCHULICUOSHI

(1)TAFANGGAODUCHAOGUO1.0 m,WEIJIANQINGGONGJIAYALI,ZAIGONGJIASHANGJIAGANGZHICHENG,GONGJIAYUGANGZHICHENGZHIJIAN、GANGZHICHENGYUGANGZHICHENGZHIJIAN、GANGZHICHENGYUQIANYIPINGONGJIAZHIJIAN、GONGJIAYUGONGJIAZHIJIANHANJIECHENGXIANGHUSHOULIDEZHENGTI,XUJINTIEYANSHIMIANGUAWANG,PENHUNNINGTUFENGBI。

(2)TAFANGGAODUCHAOGUO2.0 m,YAOXIANZHIZHICISHENGDETAFANGFASHENG,TEBIEZHUYIYINFAMAODING。GENJUTAFANGDUANMIANXINGZHUANG,CAIYONGBUTONGXINGSHIZHIHU,LIYONGTIJIAGANGZHICHENGDEFANGFAJINDINGDAOYANSHIMIAN,HANJIECHENGZHENGTI,GUAWANGPENHUFENGBI,ZHEIZHONGSHUANGCENGGANGZHICHENGDEYAODIAN,SHIYAOCONGDIERCENGGONGJIASHANGBAYALIYINSHENDAODONGBISHANGQU,YALIXIANGWAISHENZHAN,JIANXIAOGONGJIAYALI。LINGYIZHONGZHICHENGFANGSHI,SHIZAIGANGGONGJIASHANGZHIZUOBAIFANGMUDEPINGTAI,FANGMUCHENG“JING”HUO“TIAN”ZIXING,GEDUANTOUDIANDINGJINZHOUBIANYANSHI,BADINGLIANJIECHENGZHENGTI,ZAIPENSHEHUNNINGTUFENGBIHUITIAN。                                                         4GELEIWEIYANDONGWASHIGONGFANGFA

SUIDONGKAIWAGENJUYANSHIDELEIBIE、ZIWENNENGLIHETAFANGBUWEIQUEDINGSHIGONGFANGFA。

(1)DONGJINGZAI7mZUOYOU,ZIWENSHIJIANZAIBANNIANYINEIDEⅠ、ⅡLEIWEIYAN,XUANZEQUANDUANMIANYICIKAIWAJUEJINJIAOWEIJINGJIHELI。

(2)ⅢLEIWEIYANKAIWASHI,WEIJIANXIAOBAOPODUIWEIYANDEPOHUAI,CAIYONGXIANZHONGJIAN、HOUZHOUBIANDEQUANDUANMIANJUEJINFA,YIGUANGBAOWEIZHIZUOWEIBAOHUCENG,ZHONGJIANGUANGBAONENGBAZUIXIAODIKANGXIANYINXIANGNEIQUAN,RANHOUZHONGJIANYUZHOUBIANGUANGBAOTONGSHIJINXING,GUANGBAOBANKONGWANHAOLVKEDADAO80%YISHANG。

(3) ⅣLEIWEIYANKAIWASHI,CAIYONGTAIJIESHIDEFENCENGKAIWAFA。FENCENGJIUJIANGDILEZHANGZIMIANDEGAODU,JIANXIAOLEMIANJI,YEJIUXIANGYINGDIJIANGDILETAFANGDEJILV,XIANJINXINGSHANGBANBUFENKAIWAYUANQUANZHIHU,QUEBAODONGDINGANQUANHOUZAIJINXINGXIABANBUFENKAIWAHEANQUANZHIHU。

(4)ⅤLEIWEIYANKAIWAYAOYI“DUANJINCHI、RUOBAOPO、QIANGZHIHU”DEYUANZE:ZAIKAIWAQIANXIANJINXINGCHAOQIANMAOGANMAOGUCHULI,CAIQUXIAOPAOSONGDONGKAIWAJISHU,GONGJIANYISHANGBUWEIDUOYONGRENGONGKAIWA,XUNHUANJINCHI80cm~100cm。GENJUⅤLEIWEIYANDEZIWENSHIXIAODUIANQUANZHIHUDEYAOQIU,QUANDUANMIANJUEJINCHENGGONGJILVJIAODI。YINZHANGZIMIANGAO、MIANJIDA,HENNANKONGZHITAFANGYINFADEMAODING。FENCENGKAIWA,MEICIJUEJINDESHENDUZHIYOU0.8m~1.0m,BULIYUGANGZHICHENGDESHIGONG。CUOTAI2m~3m,SHANGXIATONGSHIJUEJIN,SHIANQUANKEKAO、FANGBIANZHICHENG、JIANSHAOGONGXUDEKAIWAFANGSHI,SHIⅤLEIYANSHISHANGSHOUXUANDEDONGWAFANGSHI。                      

 5、 JIESHUYU

GELEIWEIYANDESHIGONGFANGFA、ZHIHUFANGANJITAFANGDEYUFANGYUCHULICUOSHI,YAOZAISHENGNEIDUOSHUSUIDONGGONGCHENGSHANGJINXINGSHIGONGSHILIDELUNZHENG,RENZHENZONGJIESUIDONGWEIYANDETEZHENGHESHIGONGJINGYAN,DUISUIDONGGONGCHENGDESHIGONGANQUANGUANLITIGONGHELIYOUXIAODESHIJIANYIJU,SHIGONGCHENGZUODAOBAOANQUAN、CUXIAOYI。

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