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水利工程中怎样选用土石方机械

SUIZHETUSHIFANGSHIGONGJIXIEGUIMOHENENGLIDEBUDUANZENGDA,SHUILIGONGCHENGZHONGTUSHIFANGSHIGONGJINGLILECONGRENGONGSHIGONGDAOXIAOXINGJIXIEZAIDAOMUQIANDEDAXINGJIXIESHIGONGDEFAZHANJIEDUAN。QICHENGBENYEJINGLILEYIGECONGGAODAODIDEGUOCHENG。TUSHIFANGSHIGONGSHISHUYULUTIANZUOYE,GUSHOUGONGCHENGHUANJING、DIZHITIAOJIAN、QIHOUBIANHUADENGBUQUEDINGYINSUDEYINGXIANGHENDA,YINERYEJUEDINGLETUSHIFANGSHIGONGJIXIEXUANZEDEFUZAXING。ZHENGQUEXUANZEJIXIESHEBEISHITUSHIFANGSHIGONGDEZHONGYAOHUANJIEZHIYI,BUDANGUANXIDAOSHIGONGJIXIENENGFOUBEIHELISHIYONG,CHONGFENFAHUIQIZUIDAXIAONENG,ERQIEZHIJIEGUANXIDAOJIANSHECHENGBEN、SHIGONGGONGQIHESHIGONGZHILIANG,YINCI,BIXUJINXINGQUANMIANDEFENXIBIJIAO,YIDADAOJINGJIHELIDEMUDE。

1 GENJUSHIGONGNEIRONGHETUSHIFANGJIXIEDETEDIAN、YONGTUXUANZE

SHIGONGNEIRONGSHIXUANZETUSHIFANGJIXIEDEZHUYAOYIJU,YINGYANGEANZHAOSHIGONGNEIRONGJITUSHIFANGJIXIEYONGTUJINXINGXUANZE,GAIBIANQISHEJIYONGTUJIANGYINGXIANGSHIGONGXIAOLV,ZENGDASHIGONGCHENGBEN。DUIYUZHAOPINGBIAOMIAN、DIMIANPINGZHENG、CHANGDIQINGLI、KAIDAOXIULU、DUANJULIYICHUHUITIANDENGGONGCHENGXUANZETUITUJI;DUIYUDAMIANJITURANGCHANYUNJIPINGZHENGGONGCHENGXUANZECHANYUNJI;DUIYUDAXINGJIKENG、BIANPO、GUANCAOKAIWAJISHUIXIAKAIWADENGGONGCHENGGENJUXIANCHANGSHIGONGTIAOJIANJIXUYAOXUANZEZHENGCHANHUOFANCHANWAJUEJI;DUIYUZHUANGXIE、SANLIAO、WAIYUN、HUITIANTUSHIFANGJIBACHUSHUGENDENGGONGCHENGKEXUANYONGZHUANGZAIJI。JUTIXUANZESHIYINGDUIZHAOGEJIXIEDETEDIANJISHIYONGFANWEIJINXING。

1.1 TUITUJI

CAOZUOLINGHUO,YUNZHUANFANGBIAN,XUYAODEGONGZUOMIANXIAO,KEWATU、YUNTU,YIYUZHUANYI,XINGSHISUDUKUAI,YINGYONGGUANGFAN。

1.1.1 ZUOYETEDIAN

(1)TUIPING;

(2)YUNJU100 mFANWEINEIDEDUITU(XIAOLVZUIGAOWEI60 m);

(3)KAIWAQIANJIKENG;

(4)TUISONGSONGSANDEYINGTU、YANSHI;

(5)HUITIAN、YASHI;

(6)PEIHECHANYUNJIZHUCHAN;

(7)QIANYIN;

(8)TUSHIFANGWAHOUYUNCHUXUPEIBEIZHUANGTU、YUNTUSHEBEI。

1.1.2 SHIYONGFANWEI

(1)TUIYIZHISILEITU,TUIWASAN、SILEITU,YINGYONGSONGTUJIYUXIANFANSONG;

(2)ZHAOPINGBIAOMIAN,CHANGDIPINGZHENG;

(3)DUANJULIYIWAZUOTIAN,HUITIANJIKENG(CAO)、GUANGOUBINGYASHI;

(4)KAIWASHENDUBUDAYU1.5 mDEJIKENG(CAO);

(5)DUIZHUGAO1.5 mNEIDELUJI、DIBA;

(6)TUOYANGZUNIAN;

(7)PEIHEWATUJICONGSHIJIZHONGTUSHIFANG、QINGLICHANGDI、XIULUKAIDAODENGZUOYE。

1.2 CHANYUNJI

CHANYUNJICAOZUOJIANDANLINGHUO,BUSHOUDIXINGXIANZHI,BUXUTESHEDAOLU,ZHUNBEIGONGZUOJIANDAN,NENGDULIGONGZUO,BUXUQITAJIXIEPEIHEJIUNENGWANCHENGCHANTU、YUNTU、XIETU、TIANZHU、YASHIDENGGONGZUO,XINGSHISUDUKUAI,YIYUZHUANYI,XUYONGLAOLISHAO,DONGLISHAO,SHENGCHANXIAOLVGAO。

1.2.1 ZUOYETEDIAN

(1)DAMIANJIZHENGPING;

(2)KAIWADAXINGJIKENG、GOUQU;

(3)YUNJU800 m~1500 mNEIDEWAYUNTU(XIAOLVZUIGAOWEI200 m~350 m);

(4)TIANZHULUJI、DIBA;

(5)HUITIANYASHISHANGFANG;

(6)PODUKONGZHIZAI20oYIXIA。

1.2.2 SHIYONGFANWEI

(1)KAIWAHANSHUILV 27%YIXIADE—~SILEITU;(2)DAMIANJICHANGDIPINGZHENGYASHI;(3)YUNJU 800mNEIDEWAYUNTUFANG;(4)KAIWADAXINGJIKENG(CAO、GUANGOU)、TIANZHULUJIDENG;DANBUSHIYULISHICENG、DONGTUDIDAIJIZHAOZEDIQUSHIYONG;(5)KAIWAJIANTUSHIXUYONGTUITUJIZHUCHAN,KAIWASAN、SILEITUYIXIANYONGSONGTUJIYUXIANFANSONG20 cm~40 cm;ZIXINGSHICHANYUNJIYONGLUNTAIXINGSHI,SHIHEYUZHANGJULI,DANKAIWAYIXUYONGZHUCHAN。

1.3 ZHENGCHANWAJUEJI

ZHUANGCHEQINGBIANLINGHUO,HUIZHUANSUDUKUAI,YIWEIFANGBIAN;NENGWAJUEJIANYINGTUCENG,YIKONGZHIKAIWACHICUN,GONGZUOXIAOLVGAO。

1.3.1ZUOYETEDIAN

(1)KAIWATINGJIMIANYISHANGTUSHIFANG;

(2)GONGZUOMIANYINGZAI1.5 mYISHANG;

(3)KAIWAGAODUCHAOGUOWATUJIWAJUEGAODUSHI,KECAIQUFENCENGKAIWA;

(4)ZHUANGCHEWAIYUN;

(5)TUSHIFANGWAIYUNYINGPEIBEIZIXIEQICHE,GONGZUOMIANYINGYOUTUITUJIPEIHEPINGTU、JIZHONGTUSHIFANGJINXINGLIANHEZUOYE。

1.3.2SHIYONGFANWEI

(1)KAIWAHANSHUILIANGBUDAYU27%DEYI~SILEITUHEJINGBAOPOHOUDEYANSHIYUDONGTUSUIKUAI;

(2)DAXINGCHANGDIZHENGPINGTUSHIFANG;

(3)GONGZUOMIANXIAXIAOQIEJIAOSHENDEDAXINGGUANGOUHEJICAOLUQIAN;

(4)DULIJIKENG;

(5)BIANPOKAIWA。

1.4 FANCHANWAJUEJI

CAOZUOLINGHUO,WATU、XIETUJUNZAIDIMIANZUOYE,BUYONGKAIYUNSHUDAO。

1.4.1 ZUOYETEDIAN

(1)KAIWADIMIANYIXIASHENDUBUDADETUSHIFANG;

(2)ZUIDAWATUSHENDU4 m~6 m,JINGJIHELISHENDUWEI1.5 m~3 m;

(3)KEZHUANGCHEHELIANGBIANSHUAITU、DUIFANG;

(4)JIAODAJIAOSHENJIKENGKEYONGDUOCENGJIELIWATU;

(5)TUSHIFANGWAIYUNYINGPEIBEIZIXIEQICHE,GONGZUOMIANYINGYOUTUITUJIPEIHETUIDAOFUJINDUIFANG。

1.4.2 SHIYONGFANWEI

(1)KAIWAHANSHUILIANGDADEYI~SANLEIDESHATUHUOZHANTU;

(2)GUANGOUHEJICAO;

(3)DULIJIKENG;

(4)BIANPOKAIWA。

1.5 ZHUANGZAIJI

CAOZUOLINGHUO,HUIZHUANYIWEIFANGBIAN、KUAISU;KEZHUANGXIETUSHIFANGHESANLIAO,XINGSHISUDUKUAI。

1.5.1 ZUOYETEDIAN

(1)KAIWATINGJIMIANYISHANGTUSHIFANG;

(2)LUNTAISHIZHINENGZHUANGSONGSANTUSHIFANG,LVDAISHIKEZHUANGJIAOSHITUSHIFANG;

(3)SONGSANCAILIAOZHUANGCHE;

(4)DIAOYUNZHONGWU,YONGYUPUSHEGUANDAO;

(5)TUSHIFANGWAIYUNXUPEIBEIZIXIEQICHE,ZUOYEMIANXUJINGCHANGYONGTUITUJIPINGZHENGBINGTUISONGTUSHIFANG。

1.5.2 SHIYONGFANWEI

(1)WAIYUNDUOYUTUSHIFANG;

(2)LVDAISHIGAIHUANWADOUSHI,KEYONGYUKAIWA;

(3)ZHUANGXIETUSHIFANGHESANLIAO;

(4)SONGSANTUDEBIAOMIANBOLI;

(5)DIMIANPINGZHENGHECHANGDIQINGLIDENGGONGZUO;

(6)HUITIANTU;

(7)BACHUSHUGEN。

2 GENJUTUSHIFANGJIXIEXINGNENGHESHIGONGXIANCHANGTIAOJIANXUANZE

RUOTUSHIFANGJIXIEZHANGQIDISU、XIAOFUHEYUNZHUAN,BUJINJIXIEDEXINGNENGBUNENGDEDAOCHONGFENFAHUI,ERQIEHAIHUIZAOCHENGMOSUNJIAJU,SHICHUBEIMOHAOXIAOSHISHUJIANSHAO;RUOCHAOSU、CHAOFUHEYUNZHUAN,JIANGDADASUODUANJIXIEDESHOUMING,SHENZHIFASHENGSHIGU,SUOYIBEIXUANDETUSHIFANGJIXIEXINGNENGYINGYUSHIGONGXIANCHANGTIAOJIANXIANGSHIYING。

2.1 YUSHIGONGLIANGDAXIAOJIBUWEIXIANGSHIYING

DANGGONGCHENGLIANGDAERJIZHONGSHI,YINGYOUXIANXUANZEDAXING、ZHUANYONGLVDAISHIJIXIE;GONGCHENGLIANGXIAOERFENSANSHI,YINGXUANZEZHONG、XIAOXINGHEJIDONGXINGHAODELUNSHIJIXIE。RUDUIYUDATIJIJIZHONGTUSHIFANGKAIWAYINGYOUXIANXUANZEDAXINGZHENGCHANWAJUEJI;DUIYUSHENDUBUDADEDAMIANJIJIKENGKAIWA,YICAIYONGTUITUJIHUOZHUANGZAIJITUITU、ZHUANGTU,YONGZIXIEQICHEYUNTU;DUIYUMIANJIJIAOSHENDEJIKENGDUOCAIYONG0.5 m3HUO1.0 m3DOURONGLIANGDEYEYAZHENGCHANWAJUEJI,SHANGCENGTUFANGYEKEYONGCHANYUNJIHUOTUITUJIJINXING;DUIYUCAOZUOMIANXIAZHAI,QIEYOUDIXIASHUI,TUTISHIDUDADEGONGZUOMIAN,KECAIYONGYEYAFANCHANWAJUEJIWATU,ZIXIEQICHEYUNTU;DANGDIXIASHUIWEIJIAOSHEN,CAIQUBUPAISHUISHI,YIKEFENCENGYONGBUTONGJIXIEKAIWA,XIANYONGZHENGCHANWAJUEJIWADIXIASHUIWEIYISHANGTUFANG,ZAIYONGFANCHANWAJUEJIWADIXIASHUIWEIYIXIADETUFANG,YONGZIXIEQICHEJIANGTUFANGYUNCHU。

2.2 YUSHIGONGYUNJUXIANGSHIYING

YUNSONGJULISHIXUANZESHIGONGJIXIEDEZHUYAOYIJU,GEZHONGTUSHIFANGJIXIEDOUYOUHESHIDEYUNJU。RUTUITUJIDEYUNJUZAI100 mNEIJIAOHESHI,YUNJUZAI30 m~50 mNEIJINGJIXIAOYIZUIJIA;YUNJUZAI50 m~200 mNEIKEXUANYONGZHUANGZAIJI;CHANYUNJIKEYIDULIWANCHENGTUFANGDEWA、ZHUANG、YUN、XIEJICUPINGYASHIZUOYE,SHIYIZHONGXIAOLVJIAOGAODECHANTUYUNSHUJIXIE,YUNJUZAI100 m~500 mNEIXUANYONGTUOSHICHANYUNJI,YUNJUZAI400 m~2000 mFANWEINEIXUANYONGZIXINGSHICHANYUNJI;YUNJUZAI100 m~3000 mHUOGENGZHANGSHI,XUANYONGWAJUEJI、ZHUANGZAIJIYUZIXIECHEPEIHEZUOYEXIAOYIGENGHAO,ZIXIEQICHEDEZHUANGZAIRONGLIANGYINGYUWAZHUANGJIXIEXIANGPIPEI,QIRONGLIANGYIQUWAZHUANGJIXIECHANDOUDOURONGDE3BEI~6BEI。

2.3 YUTURANGDENGJIXIANGSHIYING

TURANGZHUANGTAIHEXINGZHISHIXUANZESHIGONGJIXIEDEZHONGYAOYIJU。TURANGDENGJIFENWEI6LEI16GEDENGJI,YIBANSANLEIⅣJIYIXIATURANGKEYONGJIXIEZHIJIEKAIWA;SILEIV、Ⅵ、ⅦJIYAOFUZHUBAOPOFACAINENGKAIWA;ERWULEIJILIULEIZEBIXUCAIYONGBAOPOFA。

2.4 YUDIQUQIHOUXIANGSHIYING

ZAIDIWENTIAOJIANXIASHIYONGDETUSHIFANGJIXIE,YINGKAOLVBEIXUANJIXIEDEYOUGUANXITONGHUOZHUANGZHIDEDIWENXINGNENG;ZAIGAOWENQIHOUTIAOJIANXIASHIYONGDETUSHIFANGJIXIE,YINGKAOLVBEIXUANJIXIEDESANRENENGLI;NININGQUYUHUOYUJIYINGXUANYONGSHIDISHIJIXIE,ZHISHAOYINGXUANYONGLVDAISHIJIXIEHUOYUEYEXINGNENGHAODELUNTAISHIJIXIE。

3 GENJUQITATIAOJIANXUANZE

LIANGZHONGYISHANGTUSHIFANGJIXIEDOUKEWANCHENGTONGYIRENWUSHI,YINGGENJUGONGCHENGGUIMO、YUNSHUQIANGDU、DIXINGHEGONGZUOMIANTIAOJIANDENGJINXINGJISHUJINGJIBIJIAOHOUQUEDING,JINLIANGXUANYONGZUOYEXIAOLVGAO、CHENGBENDIDEJIZHONG;RUOGONGCHENGLIANGJIAODA、GONGQIJIAOZHANG、ERQIEDIANLIGONGYINGNENGBAOZHANG,WEICHONGFENFAHUIJIXIEXIAONENGHEBIANYUGUANLI,YIXUANYONGJIAODAGONGLVDEDIANDONGJIXIE。

RUOZAITONGYIZUOYEDIANYOUDUOZHONGZUOYEXUYAOWANCHENG,WEIJIANSHAOTOURUJIXIETAISHUHETIGAOJIXIEZUOYEFANWEI,ZUIHAOXUANYONGDUOGONGNENGTUSHIFANGJIXIE。ERZAITONGYIGEZUOYEDIANSHISHITONGYANGRENWUDETUSHIFANGJIXIE,YINGJINLIANGXUANZETONGYIZHONGLEITONGYIXINGHAODEJIXIE,YIBIANYUGUANLI、WEIHUHEYOULIAO、PEIJIANGONGYING。

4 JIELUN

ZONGZHI,TUSHIFANGJIXIEHUAKAIWAYINGGENJUJICHUXINGSHI、GONGCHENGGUIMO、KAIWASHENDU、DIZHI、DIXIASHUIQINGKUANG、TUSHIFANGLIANG、YUNJU、XIANCHANGHEJIJUSHEBEITIAOJIAN、GONGQIYAOQIUYIJITUSHIFANGJIXIEDETEDIANDENGHELIXUANZESHIGONGJIXIE,YICHONGFENFAHUIJIXIEXIAOLV,JIESHENGJIXIEFEIYONG,JIASUGONGCHENGJINDU。


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