含蓄草

您现在位置:科技创新 >> 技术论文 >> 浏览文章

施工项目的目标成本管理

引言

SHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENSHIJIANZHUQIYEDEZHUYAOCHANPINCHENGBEN,YIBANYIXIANGMUWEIDANWEIGONGCHENGZUOWEICHENGBENHESUANDUIXIANG。ZAISHIGONGXIANGMUGUANLIZHONG,ZUIZHONGSHIYAOSHISHIGONGXIANGMUDADAOZHILIANGYOU、XIAOLVGAO、GONGQIDUAN、XIAOHAODI、ANQUANHAO、XIAOYIGAODENGMUBIAO,ERSHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENSHIZHEIXIEMUBIAOJINGJIXIAOGUODEZONGHEFANYING,TASHIQUANMIANDIFANYINGJIANZHUQIYESHIGONGJINGYINGGUANLIGONGZUODEYIGEZONGHEXINGZHIBIAO。YINCI,SHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENKONGZHISHISHIGONGXIANGMUGUANLIKONGZHIDEHEXIN。  

SHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLIZHUYAOBAOKUOCHENGBENYUCE、CHENGBENJUECE、CHENGBENJIHUA、CHENGBENKONGZHI、CHENGBENHESUAN、CHENGBENFENXIHECHENGBEN7GEHUANJIE。ZHEI7GEHUANJIESHIHUWEITIAOJIAN、XIANGHUCUJIN,GOUCHENGLESHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLI,QIZHONGDECHENGBENYUCE、CHENGBENJUECE、 CHENGBENJIHUAGOUCHENGLESHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLIDESHEJIJIEDUAN(JIMUBIAOCHENGBENQUELIJIEDUAN);CHENGBENKONGZHI、CHENGBENHESUANGOUCHENGLESHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLIDEZHIXINGJIEDUAN(JIMUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHIJIEDUAN);CHENGBENFENXIHECHENGBENKAOHEGOUCHENGLESHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLIDEKAOHEJIEDUAN(JIMUBIAOCHENGBENDEGAISHANHEZONGJIEJIEDUAN)。

一、施工项目目标成本的制订

1、ZHIDINGMUBIAOCHENGBENBIXUZUNXUNDEYUANZE

(1)SHICHANGHUAYUANZE

(2)XIAOYIXINGYUANZE

(3)ZEQUANLIXIANGJIEHEDEYUANZE

 2、MUBIAOCHENGBENDEZHIDINGCHENGXU

KEYIKANCHU,CHENGBENYUCESHIQUELIMUBIAOCHENGBENSHIQIANGUANLIDEYIGEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN。QIYEHEXIANGMUJINGLIBUDOUYAOZHEYANYUWEILAI,CHONGFENWAJUEQIYENEIBUQIANLI,KEXUEDIYUJIANWEILAICHENGBENSHUIPINGDEQUSHI,WEIMUBIAOCHENGBENQUELIDIANDINGJICHU;CHENGBENJUECESHIQIYEDUISHIGONGXIANGMUWEILAICHENGBENJINXINGJIHUAHEKONGZHIDEYIGEZHONGYAOBUZHOU。GENJUCHENGBENYUCEDEQINGKUANG,YOUCANYUJUECERENYUANRENZHENXIZHIDIFENXI,BIMIANMANGMUXINGHEJIANSHAOFENGXIANXING;CHENGBENJIHUASHISHIXINGSHIGONGXIANGMUMUBIAOCHENGBENGUANLIDEYIGEZHONGYAOHUANJIE,TASHIYIHUOBIXINGSHIBIANZHISHIGONGXIANGMUZAIJIHUAQINEIDESHENGCHANFEIYONG、CHENGBENSHUIPING、JIANGDICHENGBENLVHEJIANGDICHENGBENESUOCAIQUDEZHUYAOCUOSHIHEFANGAN,SHIJIANLISHIGONGXIANGMUJINGLIFUZEZHI、KAIZHANCHENGBENKONGZHIHECHENGBENHESUANDEJICHU。TONGGUOXIANGMUDECHENGBENYUCE、CHENGBENJUECEHECHENGBENJIHUACAINENGZHIDINGCHUYIGE“KANDEJIAN、MODEZHE、NENGCAOZUO”DEMUBIAOCHENGBENSHISHIXINGWENJIAN。

二、施工项目目标成本控制

1、SHIGONGXIANGMUMUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHIYUANZE

(1)QUANYUAN、FENJIKONGZHIYUANZE

CHENGBENSHIYIGEZONGHEXINGZHIBIAO,TASHEJIDAOQIYESUOYOUBUMEN、XIANGMUJINGLIBU、SHIGONGDUIZUDENG,YINCI,YAOQIUQIYERENREN、SHISHI、CHUCHUDOUYAOYOUCHENGBENKONGZHIYISHI,ANZHAODINGE、XIANE、JIHUADENGJINXINGGUANLI。CONGGEFANGMIANGECENGCIDUSAILOUDONG,DUJUELANGFEI,XINGCHENGYIGECHENGBENKONGZHIWANG。

(2)QUANGUOCHENGDEDONGTAIKONGZHIYUANZE

CHENGBENKONGZHIDEDUIXIANGBUZHISHISHIGONG、SHENGCHANLINGYUZHONGDEFEIYONG,ERSHIGUANCHUANYUCHENGBENXINGCHENGDEQUANGUOCHENG,TABAOKUOSHIGONGZUZHISHEJI、LAODONGZUZHI、CAILIAOGONGYING、GONGCHENGSHIGONG、GONGCHENGYIJIAODENGGEGEFANGMIAN。ZHIYOUDUIQUANGUOCHENGJINXINGKONGZHI,CAINENGCUJINGEXIANGJIANGBENCUOSHIDEDAOGUANCHELUOSHI,DADAOYUQIMUBIAO。JIANYUSHIGONGXIANGMUDEYICIXINGTEDIAN,GUOCHENGKONGZHIYOUBIXUSHIDONGTAIDE。YOUYUSHIGONGZHUNBEIJIEDUANDEMUBIAOCHENGBENZHUYAOSHIYIJUSHANGJIYAOQIUHESHIGONGZUZHISHEJIDENEIRONGLAIQUEDINGDE,DANGJUNGONGJIEDUANDECHENGBENHESUANZAOCHENGLECHENGBENYINGKUI,HUOFASHENGPIANCHA,SHILAIBUJIJIUZHENGDE。YINCI,XIANGMUJINGLIBUYINGBACHENGBENKONGZHIDEZHONGDIANFANGZAIGUOCHENGDEDONGTAIKONGZHISHANG。

(3)JIHUADIAOZHENGJIAYANYUANZE

 2、MUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHI

SHIGONGXIANGMUMUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHISHIZHIZAICHENGBENXINGCHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,GENJUSHIXIANZHIDINGDECHENGBENMUBIAO,DUISHIGONGXIANGMURICHANGFASHENGDEGEXIANGSHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGANZHAOYIDINGDEYUANZE,CAIYONGZHUANMENDEKONGZHIFANGFA,JINXINGZHIDAO、DIAOJIE、XIANZHIHEJIANDU;JIANGGEXIANGSHENGCHANFEIYONGKONGZHIZAIYUANLAISUOGUIDINGDEBIAOZHUNHEYUSUANZHINEI。RUGUOFASHENGPIANCHAHUOCHUXIANWENTI,JIUYINGJISHIJINXINGFENXIYANJIU,CHAMINGYUANYIN,BINGLIJICAIQUYOUXIAOCUOSHI,YIBAOZHENGSUOFASHENGDECHENGBENSHIZAIYUDINGDEFANWEINEI。

3、SHIGONGXIANGMUMUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHICHENGXU

YOUYUSHIGONGXIANGMUDEDANYIXING,JUEDINGLEGESHIGONGXIANGMUDETEDIAN、HETONGYAOQIU、GONGCHENGNEIRONGHEXIANGMUZUZHIGUANLIFANGSHIDENGFANGMIANCUNZAIDECHAYI,YINCI,SHIGONGXIANGMUDEMUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHIJIANGSUIZHEXIANGMUGUIMO、TEDIANJIHETONGXINGSHIBUTONGERBIANHUA,DANQIKONGZHICHENGXUDAZHISHIXIANGTONGDE。

三、开展施工项目目标成本管理的要点

SHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENSHISHIGONGXIANGMUZAISHIGONGZHONGSUOFASHENGDEQUANBUSHIGONGFEIYONGDEZONGHE,BAOKUOCAILIAO、JIXIESHIYONGFEI,ZHIFUDEGONGZI、JIANGJINYIJIGUANLIFEI。TASHIYIGEZHENGTIDE、QUANYUANQIEFENCENGCIDE、QUANGUOCHENGDONGTAIDEGUANLI,YINCIBIXUYAOZUODAOSHIQIANDEMUBIAOCHENGBENYUCEKONGZHI、ZHONGTUDEMUBIAOCHENGBENJIHUAZHIXINGKONGZHIHESHIHOUDESHIJICHENGBENHESUANYUMUBIAOCHENGBENBIJIAOFENXIKONGZHI,BASHIGONGXIANGMUMUBIAOCHENGBENGUANLIGUANCHUANZAICHENGBENXINGCHENGDEQUANGUOCHENG,YINGGAIZHUYIZHUAHAOYIXIASIFANGMIANDEGONGZUO。

1、ZHUAHAOZHIDUJIANSHE

ZAITUIXINGMUBIAOCHENGBENGUANLISHI,ZHIDINGKEXUE、HELIHEKECAOZUODEZHIDUYUXIANGPEITAODEGUANLIBANFASHIKAIZHANMUBIAOCHENGBENGUANLIDEJICHU。ZHEIXIEZHIDUYOUGONGZUOZHIDU、ZERENZHIDU、GONGCHENGJISHUBIAOZHUNHEJISHUGUICHENG、JIANGCHENGZHIDUDENGSIDALEI,QIZHONGGONGZUOZHIDUZHUYAOBAOKUOJIHUAGUANLIZHIDU、SHIGONGZHIDU、ZHIDU、CHENGBENKONGZHIZHIDU、FEIYONGGUANLIZHIDU、DINGEGUANLIZHIDU、RENSHIGONGZIGUANLIZHIDU、WUZIGUANLIZHIDU、CAICHANGUANLIZHIDU、ZHILIANGANQUANGUANLIZHIDU、GUANLITIXIWENJIANDENG;ZERENZHIDUZHUYAOBAOKUOGONGCHENGXIANGMUGUANLIJINGLIFUZEZHIGUANLIBANFA、JINGYINGCHENGBAOZERENZHI、GANGWEIZERENZHI、CHENGBENZERENZHIDENG;GONGCHENGJISHUBIAOZHUNHEJISHUGUICHENGZHUYAOBAOKUOGEGONGCHENGZHILIANGJIANYANPINGDINGBIAOZHUNHEGUIFAN、YUANCAILIAOZHILIANGBIAOZHUN、GUICHENG、ZUOYEZHIDAOSHU、ANQUANJISHUGUICHENGDENG;JIANGCHENGZHIDUZHUYAOBAOKUOZHIGONGJIANGCHENGBANFA、YIJIZHICHENGPINGDINGJINSHENGGUANLIBANFADENG,CHUCIZHIWAI,HAIBIXUJIANLIYIZHENGTAOYUZHIDUXIANGPIPEIDEKECAOZUOMOFANGDECHENGXUWENJIAN。

2、JIANQUANDEHESUANJIAGETIXI

TUIXINGMUBIAOCHENGBENGUANLIYIDINGYAOYISHICHANGJIAGEWEIDAOXIANG,ZHIYOUZHEIYANG,MUBIAOCHENGBENDEBIANZHICAINENGGOUZHUNQUE,ZAIQIYEDADAOYIDINGGUIMODEQINGKUANGXIA,KEYIJIANLINEIBUWUZISHICHANG,YIQIDAOGUIMOXIAOYINGDEZUOYONG,BUGUANSHISHEHUISHICHANGHAISHIQIYENEIBUSHICHANG,QIJIAGEBIXUYISHICHANGDONGTAIDEJISHIJIAGEJINXINGCESUAN。WOGUOJIARUWTOZUZHI,YEXUYAOWOMENANGUOJIGUANLIYISHICHANGLAIQUEDINGGONGCHENGZAOJIA,YINCIWOMENYAOJIAQIANGDUIGONGCHENGCHENGBENDEZHUNQUECESUAN,DADAODANXIANGGONGCHENG、XIAODAOMEIDAOGONGXU,DOUBIXUSHULICHENGBENYISHI,JIANGLAODONGLI、CAILIAOHAOYONG、SHEBEISHIYONG、XIANCHANGGUANLI、LINSHIGONGCHENGYUCHANGGUICUOSHIDENGGEFANGMIANDEFEIYONGJINXINGXIHUA、TONGJI、ZHENGLIHEFENXI,ZHUBUJIANLIHEJIANQUANQIYENEIBUDEHESUANJIAGETIXI,KEXUEDIBIANZHIMEIXIANGGONGCHENGJUYOUJINGZHENGLIDENEIBUCHENGBEN。

3.、JIADAJINGJICHENGBENGUANLIRENYUANDEPEIXUN

TUIXINGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLISHIYIXIANGZHENGCEXING、ZHUANYEXINGHENQIANGDEGONGZUO。JIAQIANGDUIJINGJICHENGBENGUANLIRENYUANDEPEIXUNSHIQIYETIGAOJINGZHENGLIDEGONGZUO,TAJIANGZAOJIUYIPIZHUANYEHUADE、ZHIYEHUADEXIANGMUJINGLIHEJINGJICHENGBENGUANLIRENYUAN。HELIDEZHIDUXUYAOYOUNENGLIJIEZHIDU、YOUZHUANYEZHISHI、HUICAOZUODERENYUANLAIZHIXING。GUOQUWANGWANGSHI“XIANGMUSHANGMAJIANBANZI、XIANGMUWANGONGSANTANZI”,QUEFADUIXIANGMUSHISHIDEZONGJIE、FENXI、JINGYANJILEIHEFANKUIJIZHI,ZHISHILAOPAIQIYEGONGCHENGZUOLEBUSHAO,XIANGMUGUANLIJINGYANJIHUQUANWU,SHUIPINGTIGAOBUKUAI,SHIGONGGUANLIFANGFAHESHOUDUANLUOHOU,DABUFENRENGCHUZAICUFANGXINGGUANLIZHUANGTAI,PINGJINGYANLAIGUJIHECHULIWENTI,OURANXINGJIDA。YINCI,WEILEZUOHAOXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLI,BIXUJIADAJINGJICHENGBENGUANLIRENYUANDEPEIXUN,YOUNEIXINGRENLAIGUANLI,SHIGONGCHENGDEJINDU、ZHILIANG、GONGQIHECHENGBENDOUCHUZAISHOUKONGZHUANGTAI。

4、 CHONGFENLIYONGHEFAHUIJISUANJIZAICHENGBENGUANLIZHONGDEZUOYONG

SUIZHEJISUANJIYINGYONGRUANJIANDEXUNSUFAZHAN,RENMENYUELAIYUERENSHIDAOTADEZHONGYAOXING,BINGJIANGQIYUNYONGDAOSHENGCHANSHIJIANZHONGQU。MUQIAN,ZAIGUONEIYIKAIFACHUBUSHAOYONGYUXIANGMUGUANLIDERUANJIAN,ERQIEHAIYOUZHUANMENYONGYUCHENGBENKONGZHIJIGUANLIDERUANJIAN,ZHEIYANGBUJINKEDADADITIGAOGUANLIRENYUANDEGONGZUOXIAOLV,ERQIEZAIFUZHUGUANLIRENYUANJINXINGSHEJI、JUECEGUANLIFANGMIANYEQIDAOLESHIFENZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。YINCICHONGFENLIYONGHEFAHUIJISUANJIZAICHENGBENGUANLIZHONGDEZUOYONG,KETIGAOYUCEDEZHUNQUEXING、KONGZHIDEJISHIXING,TIGAOCHUANSHUXIAOLVHEZIYUANGONGXIANGLIYONGLV。

SI、JIELUN

SHIGONGXIANGMUGUANLISHIYIJINGJIXIAOYIWEIZHONGXINDEZONGHEGUANLI。SHIGONGXIANGMUCHENGBENGUANLIZHUYAOBAOKUOCHENGBENYUCE、JUECE、JIHUA、KONGZHI、HESUAN、FENXIHEKAOHEHUWEITIAOJIAN、XIANGHUCUJINDEGEHUANJIEDEGUANLI,QIZHONGMUBIAOCHENGBENZHIDINGHEMUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHISHISHIGONGXIANGMUMUBIAOCHENGBENGUANLIDEGUANJIAN。

ZAIMUBIAOCHENGBENDEZHIDINGSHI,WOMENZHIYAOZUNXUNSHICHANGHUADEYUANZE、XIAOYIXINGDEYUANZEHEZEQUANLIXIANGYIZHIDEYUANZE,YANGEANZHAOMUBIAOCHENGBENZHIDINGCHENGXU,CHONGFENWAJUEQIANLI,RENZHENJUECE,JIUNENGSHIMUBIAOCHENGBENJIHUAZHENZHENGCHENGWEIYIXIANGJUYOUQIESHIKECAOZUODESHISHIXINGWENJIAN。ZAIMUBIAOCHENGBENKONGZHIZHONG,WOMENJIYAOCHONGFENFAHUIQIYEQUANTIZHIGONGDEJIJIXING,YOUYAOJIAQIANGQUANGUOCHENGDEDONGTAIKONGZHI,YANSUJIHUA,ZENGJIAJIHUAXIUGAIDIAOZHENGDESHENPINANDU,SHIMUBIAOCHENGBENJIHUAZHENZHENGQIDAOZHIDAOWOMENKAIZHANXIANGMUGUANLIDEZUOYONG,ZAITUIXINGSHIGONGXIANGMUMUBIAOCHENGBENGUANLIZHONG,WOMENHAIYAOZHUZHONGZHUAHAOZHIDUJIANSHE、JIANQUANHELIDEJIAGETIXI、JIAQIANGGECENGCICAOZUOZHEDEPEIXUN、LIYONGJISUANJIDEFUZHUGONGNENGDENGGONGZUO,YAOZHUYICHULIHAOSIXIANGYUGONGJU、ZHUDONGYUBEIDONG、ZONGHEYUDANXIANG、JICHUYUYINGYONGDEGUANXI。TONGGUOJILUNXUNHUAN,WOMENDESHIGONGQIYECAINENGMIANLINRIYIJILIEDESHICHANGJINGZHENG,CONGRONGYINGDUI。


ZHAOCHENGWEI


0