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第一观察 | 南水北调下一步怎么调?这次会议定了调

XINHUASHEJIZHE YANYAN SHE

5YUE14RISHANGWU,HENANNANYANG,YICHANGSHIGUANYIWANGUOREN“HESHUIYONGSHUI”WENTIDEZHONGYAOHUIYIZHAOKAI。

XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHUCHIZHAOKAITUIJINNANSHUIBEIDIAOHOUXUGONGCHENGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZUOTANHUI,WEIZHEIYISHIJIGONGCHENGXIAYIBUJIANSHEFAZHANZHIXIANGDINGDIAO。

(一)水资源格局,影响经济社会发展格局

SHUISHIJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANDEJICHUXING、XIANDAOXING、KONGZHIXINGYAOSU,SHIGUOJIAFAZHANZHANLVEDEZHONGYAOZHICHENG。

NANSHUIBEIDIAO,ZHEIGEZHIZAIPOJIEWOGUOSHUIZIYUANFENBU“BEIQUENANFENG”WENTIDECHAOJIGONGCHENG,SHISHIJIESHANGZUIDADEDIAOSHUIGONGCHENG。DONG、ZHONGXIANYIQIZHUTIGONGCHENGJIANCHENGTONGSHUIYILAI,YILEIJIDIAOSHUI400DUOYILIFANGMI,ZHIJIESHOUYIRENKOU1.2YIREN。

ZHEIYIGONGCHENG,ZAIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIXINZHONGDEFENLIANGHENZHONG。TACENGSHUO:“NANSHUIBEIDIAO,WOHENGUANXIN。ZHEISHIGUOZHIDASHI、SHIJIGONGCHENG、MINXINGONGCHENG,TONGSANXIAGONGCHENGSHIDENGLIANGQIGUANDE。”

2013NIANHE2014NIANNANSHUIBEIDIAODONG、ZHONGXIANYIQIGONGCHENGZHENGSHITONGSHUISHI,ZONGSHUJIDOUZUOCHUZHONGYAOZHISHI。QUNIAN11YUE,ZONGSHUJIZAIJIANGSUKAOCHA,LAIDAODONGXIANYUANTOUJIANGDOUSHUILISHUNIU;ZHEICIZUOTANHUIQIAN,YOUZHUANCHENGDAOZHONGXIANQUSHOU,BINGCHENGCHUANKAOCHADANJIANGKOUSHUIKU,XUNYUANWENQU。

5YUE14RISHANGWU,XIJINPINGZAIHENANSHENGNANYANGSHIZHUCHIZHAOKAITUIJINNANSHUIBEIDIAOHOUXUGONGCHENGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANZUOTANHUIBINGFABIAOZHONGYAOJIANGHUA。XINHUASHEJIZHE JUPENG SHE

WEIHEXUANZECISHIZHAOKAIZHEICIZUOTANHUI?

JINNIANSHI“SHISIWU”KAIJUZHINIAN。“SHISIWU”GUIHUAGANGYAOMINGQUETICHU,TUIDONGNANSHUIBEIDIAODONGZHONGXIANHOUXUGONGCHENGJIANSHE,SHENHUANANSHUIBEIDIAOXIXIANGONGCHENGFANGANBIXUANLUNZHENG。

ZHEISHIGUOJIAFAZHANJINRUXINJIEDUAN,DUIJIAQIANGHEYOUHUASHUIZIYUANPEIZHIHEGONGJIDEBIRANYAOQIU——

CONGDINGCENGSHEJICENGMIAN,《NANSHUIBEIDIAOGONGCHENGZONGTIGUIHUA》YIBANBUJIN20NIAN。ZHEIXIENIANLAI,WOGUOJINGJIZONGLIANG、CHANYEJIEGOU、CHENGZHENHUASHUIPINGDENGXIANZHUTISHENG,JINGJISHEHUIJIEGOUYUFAZHANFANGSHIDOUFASHENGLEZHONGYAOBIANHUA,KEJISHUIPING、ZONGHEGUOLIJUNYOUXIANZHUTIGAO;

CONGQUYUZHANLVECENGMIAN,BIRUSHUO,ZUOWEIZHUYAOSHOUSHUIQUDEHUABEIDIQU,JINGJINJIXIETONGFAZHAN、XIONGANXINQUKAIFAJIANSHE、HUANGHELIUYUSHENGTAIBAOHUHEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDENGZHANLVEXIANGJISHISHI;

CIWAI,DANGQIANRUHESHIYINGGOUJIANXINFAZHANGEJU,XINGCHENGQUANGUOTONGYIDASHICHANGHECHANGTONGDEGUONEIDAXUNHUAN,CUJINNANBEIFANGXIEDIAOFAZHAN,SHUIZIYUANSHIQIZHONGZHONGYAODECHENGZAIHEZHIYUEYINSU……

WENQUNEIDEQINGRUXU,WEIYOUYUANTOUHUOSHUILAI。

SHUIZIYUANGEJU,YINGXIANGHEJUEDINGZHEJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANGEJU。YIGESHIYINGXINSHIDAIXINJIEDUANYAOQIUDENANSHUIBEIDIAOHOUXUGONGCHENGGUIHUASHEJIFANGAN,ZHENGDAICHULU。

(二)水与高质量发展,映照的是人与自然的和谐共生

MUQIAN,NANSHUIBEIDIAOGONGCHENGZHENGZAITUIJINDONG、ZHONGXIANHOUXUGONGCHENGGUIHUAJIANSHE,TONGSHIKAIZHANXIXIANGONGCHENGGUIHUAFANGANBIXUANLUNZHENGDENGQIANQIGONGZUO。

ZHEICIZUOTANHUISHANG,ZONGSHUJIDUITUIJINNANSHUIBEIDIAOHOUXUGONGCHENGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANTICHULE6DIANYAOQIU。

ZHEI6DIANYAOQIU,BINGWEISHEJIJUTIDEHOUXUGONGCHENGGUIHUASHEJIFANGAN,DOUSHIZONGTIXINGZHIDAOXINGDEBUSHU。DANXIDUTONGGAO,KEYIFAXIAN,MEIYITIAOYAOQIUBEIHOUDOUYOUSHENYUANDEKAOLIANG、SHENKEDEYIHANHESHENSUIDEZHIXIANG。

JIESHUIYOUXIAN,ZHEISHIYITIAODIXIAN。

DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJITICHU“JIESHUIYOUXIAN、KONGJIANJUNHENG、XITONGZHILI、LIANGSHOUFALI”DE16ZIZHISHUISILU,“JIESHUIYOUXIAN”SHIBAIZAIDIYIWEIDE。

BANNIANQIAN,ZAIDONGXIANYUANTOUKAOCHASHI,ZONGSHUJITEBIEQIANGDIAO“BUNENGYIBIANJIADADIAOSHUI、YIBIANSUIYILANGFEISHUI”。ZHEICIZUOTANHUISHANG,ZONGSHUJIYOUJINYIBUQIANGDIAO“BAJIESHUIZUOWEISHOUSHUIQUDEGENBENCHULU”。

ZHEISHI2020NIAN11YUE13RIXIJINPINGZAIJIANGDOUSHUILISHUNIU,LEJIENANSHUIBEIDIAODONGXIANGONGCHENGGUIHUAJIANSHEHEJIANGDOUSHUILISHUNIUYUNXINGDENGQINGKUANG。XINHUASHEJIZHE XIEHUANCHI SHE

BUSHISHUOQIANLITIAOTIAODENANSHUILAILE,JIUKEYIYONGLAISIYIHUIHUOLE,GAOBUFUHESHIJIDECHANYEHECHENGZHENJIANSHE,SHENZHIYONGLAIGAOSUOWEIDE“ZAOHUYUNDONG”,BIXUGENJUSHUIZIYUANCHENGZAINENGLIYOUHUACHENGSHIKONGJIANBUJU、CHANYEJIEGOU、RENKOUGUIMO,YISHUIDINGCHENG、YISHUIDINGDI、YISHUIDINGREN、YISHUIDINGCHAN。

SHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHU,ZHEISHIYITIAOHONGXIAN。

NANSHUIBEIDIAO,CHENGBAIZAISHUIZHI,SHUIZIYUAN、SHUISHENGTAI、SHUIHUANJINGBIXUTONGCHOUXIEDIAO、XITONGZHILI。

ZONGSHUJIDUOCIQIANGDIAOJIANCHI“SANXIANSANHOU”DEYUANZE:“XIANJIESHUIHOUDIAOSHUI、XIANZHIWUHOUTONGSHUI、XIANHUANBAOHOUYONGSHUI”,ZHEICIZUOTANHUIYOUJIANG“JIAQIANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHU”MINGQUEWEITUIJINSHISHIDIAOSHUIGONGCHENGDEYIXIANGYAOQIU。

WULUNSHIJIESHUI、HAISHIZHIWU,DOUSHIYAOBASHUIZIYUANZUOWEIGANGXINGYUESHU,DAOBIJINGJIZHUANXINGHECHANYESHENGJI,JIAKUAIXINGCHENGJIESHUIXINGLVSEXINGSHENGCHANSHENGHUOFANGSHI,TUIDONGJINGJISHEHUIFAZHANQUANMIANLVSEZHUANXING。

ZHISHUIRUZHIGUO。SHUIYUGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEGUANXI,YINGZHAODESHIRENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENGDEXIANDAIHUALINIAN。

(三)促进发展之网与保障安全之网

YUGAOSUTIELUWANG、GONGLUWANGHEDIANWANGYIYANG,GUOJIASHUIWANGRIYISHOUDAORENMENGUANZHU。

ZAIZHEICIZUOTANHUISHANG,ZONGSHUJITICHUYAO“JIAKUAIGOUJIANGUOJIASHUIWANG”。

NANSHUIBEIDIAOGONGCHENG,ZAIJIAKUAIGOUJIANGUOJIASHUIWANGZHUGUJIAHEDADONGMAIGUOCHENGZHONGZHIGUANZHONGYAO。

GENJU《NANSHUIBEIDIAOGONGCHENGZONGTIGUIHUA》,YIZHANGJIANGFENGFUSHUIYUANWEIYITUO,NANSHUIBEIDIAODONGXIAN、ZHONGXIANHEXIXIANGONGCHENGTONGGUOYUZHANGJIANG、HUAIHE、HUANGHE、HAIHE4DAJIANGHEDELIANXI,GOUCHENGYI“SIHENGSANZONG”WEIZHUTIDEGUOJIASHUIWANGGUGAN。

ZAIZHEIZHANGSHUIWANGZHONG,DONGXIAN、ZHONGXIANHEXIXIANSANTIAODIAOSHUIXIANLU,GEZIYOUQIGONGSHUIFANWEIHEGONGSHUIMUBIAO,BINGYUSIDAJIANGHEXINGCHENGYOUJIZHENGTI,BINGQIEXIANGHUBUCHONG,KEFUGAIHUANGHUAIHAILIUYU、JIAODONGDIQUHEXIBEINEILUHEBUFENDIQU,SHIXIANSHUIZIYUANNANBEIDIAOPEI、DONGXIHUJIDEHELIPEIZHI。

ZHEIZHANGSHUIWANG,BUJINSHIYIZHANGCUJINXIEDIAOFAZHANDEDAWANG,YESHIYIZHANGWEIQUANMIANJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAGUOJIATIGONGYOULISHUIANQUANBAOZHANGDEDAWANG。

YINCI,NANSHUIBEIDIAO,GUOZHIDASHI,SHEJIDEBUSHIYIDIYIYU,BUNENGJIUDANXIANLUNDANXIAN,YEBUNENGJIUGONGCHENGLUNGONGCHENG,YAOCONGTONGCHOUFAZHANHEANQUANDEJIAODU,CONGGUOJIAQUANJUDEGAODULAIBAWO。

(四)科学合理和历史耐心

ZONGGUANZHONGHUAWENMINGSHI,CONGDAYUZHISHUI,DAODOUJIANGYAN、ZHENGGUOQU、LINGQU,ZAIDAOJINGHANGDAYUNHE,QUSHUIZHIHAI、XINGSHUIZHILI,BUJINZAOFUJINREN,GENGSHIFUZEHOUDAI。

NANSHUIBEIDIAO,GONGZAIDANGDAI,LIZAIQIANQIU。ZUOWEIQIANQIUDAJIDEZHONGDAGONGCHENG,BIXUBAOYOUZUGOUDELISHINAIXIN,XUYAOZUOHAOKEXUELUNZHENG。

NANSHUIBEIDIAODEGOUXIANGTICHUYUSHANGGESHIJI50NIANDAI,JINGBANGESHIJILUNZHENG,SHUSHIWANJIANSHEZHE10DUONIANFENZHAN,SHUSHIWANYIMINSHEXIAOJIAWEIDAJIADEFENGXIAN,CAIRANGSHIJIMENGXIANGCHENGWEIXIANSHI。

DONGXIANERQIZENMEZOU?ZHONGXIANYINJIANGBUHANGONGCHENGZENMETUIJIN?XIXIANFANGANRUHESHEJI?ZHEIDOUSHIXUYAOKEXUEHUIDADEMINGTI。

DUIXIAYIBUGONGZUO,ZONGSHUJITIDEYAOQIUZHONG,QIANGDIAOLEJIANCHI“XITONGGUANNIAN”HE“ZUNXUNGUILV”,ZHONGSHEN“QUEYOUXUYAO、SHENGTAIANQUAN、KEYICHIXU”DEZHONGDASHUILIGONGCHENGLUNZHENGYUANZE。

TEBIETIDAO:“YAOJIANCHIJINGJIHELI”“JIAQIANGDUOFANGANBIXUANLUNZHENG,JINKENENGJIANSHAOZHENGDIYIMINSHULIANG”;

TEBIEQIANGDIAO:“ZHUAJINZUOHAOHOUXUGONGCHENGGUIHUASHEJI,XIEDIAOBUMEN、DIFANGHEZHUANJIAYIJIAN,KAIZHANZHONGDAWENTIYANJIU”“QUEBAONACHULAIDEGUIHUASHEJIFANGANJINGDEQILISHIHESHIJIANJIANYAN”。

ZHENGZHISUOCHU,WEIZAILIMIN。

ZHEIXIEYAOQIU,TIXIANDEZHENGSHIYIZHONGDUILISHIDEZERENGAN,YIZHONGDUIRENMINDESHIMINGGAN。ZHENGRU,ZONGSHUJIZHEICIZAINANYANGXICHUANXIANDEYIMINCUNLI,DUIXIANGQINMENSUOSHUO:

“RENMINJIUSHIJIANGSHAN。WOMENGONGCHANDANGDAJIANGSHAN、SHOUJIANGSHAN,DOUSHIWEILERENMINXINGFU,SHOUDESHIRENMINDEXIN。”

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